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Atahiyat In Shafi'i Madhab


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#1 al-CIAda

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Posted 04 May 2007 - 11:59 AM

atahiyat in shafi'i is different to hanafi...

could someone provid eme with the correct transliteration for it? i need to confirm if i am indeed saying it correctly.

jazakallahu khairan
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#2 maimat

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Posted 04 May 2007 - 12:34 PM

Atta Hiyaatul mubaarakaatusw-swalawaatut twaiyibaatu lillaah. Assalaamu 'alaika ai-yuhan nabiyyu waraHmatullaahi wabarakaatuh. Assalaamu 'alaina wa'alaa ibaadillaahisw-swaaliHin. Ash-hadi al-laa ilaaha illalaah. Wa ash-hadu anna MuHammadar rasuulullaah. Allahumma swalli 'alaa MuHammad wa'alaa aali MuHammad. Kamaa swallaita 'alaa Ibrahiima wa'alaa aali Ibraahim. Wabaarik 'alaa MuHammad wa'alaa aali MuHammad. Kamaa baarakta Ibraahiima wa'alaa aali Ibraahiim. Fil 'aalamiina innaka Hamidum Majid.
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#3 al-CIAda

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Posted 04 May 2007 - 12:36 PM

Atta Hiyaatul mubaarakaatusw-swalawaatut twaiyibaatu lillaah. Assalaamu 'alaika ai-yuhan nabiyyu waraHmatullaahi wabarakaatuh. Assalaamu 'alaina wa'alaa ibaadillaahisw-swaaliHin. Ash-hadi al-laa ilaaha illalaah. Wa ash-hadu anna MuHammadar rasuulullaah. Allahumma swalli 'alaa MuHammad wa'alaa aali MuHammad. Kamaa swallaita 'alaa Ibrahiima wa'alaa aali Ibraahim. Wabaarik 'alaa MuHammad wa'alaa aali MuHammad. Kamaa baarakta Ibraahiima wa'alaa aali Ibraahiim. Fil 'aalamiina innaka Hamidum Majid.

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jazakallahu khairun akhi :yay:
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#4 Sam

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Posted 04 May 2007 - 12:48 PM

Assalamualaikum,

That is the preferred version. Note that the bare minimum that must be said is:

[bq]Atta-hiyaatulillah. Salaamun alaika ayuhan-nabiyy, wa rahmatullahi wabarakatu. Salamun alaina wa 'ala ibaadillahi saaliheen. Ash-shadu al-laa ilaha ilallah, wa anna Muhammadan 'abduhu warasuluh. Allahumma sali 'ala Muhammad.[/bq]
This if from Risala Jami'a by Habib Zaid bin Ahmed al-Habashi r.a. Also, the middle recital for 3 and 4 rak'at prayers is a sunnah, however its omission requires the two sajdas of forgetfullness (Sajda Sahu) at the end of the prayer, which in itself is a sunnah.

(This is from memory, so forgive the dodgy transliteration and any mistakes).

wasalaam
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#5 al-CIA-da

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Posted 04 May 2007 - 06:34 PM

thankyou akhi.
jazakallahu khairan! :)
i'm trying to perfect my salat i'm getting there slowly i think.
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#6 Sam

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Posted 04 May 2007 - 07:08 PM

Alhamdulillah, let me know if you need anything clarified and I can check with my fiqh teacher if I can't answer it.

Which reminds me, here's a video I received via email a few days ago:

http://islamcrunch.c...hool-of-thought

wasalaam
sam
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#7 Sam

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Posted 03 June 2007 - 05:20 PM

Assalamualaikum,

Here is an article from Sunnipath describing the prayer concisely according to the Shafi'i madhhab. Insha'Allah it is of some benefit.

http://qa.sunnipath....&cate=244&t=rss

wasalaam
sam

________________

The Immaculate Raiment

The Essentials of Prayer

Compiled by
Mostafa Azzam

In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful. Praise Allah, Lord of the Worlds. I testify that there is no god but Allah, alone, without partner, and I testify that our master Muhammad is His slave and messenger. Allah favor and salute our master Muhammad, his family, his companions, the righteous, and the scholars of Islam who have preserved for us the religion.

1
INTRODUCTION


1.1 The validity of prayer (salah) depends on fulfilling its essentials (furud, sing. fard) and avoiding its invalidators (mubtilat, sing. mubtil). Some essentials must be fulfilled before beginning the prayer and remain throughout it, called conditions (shurut, sing. shart), and others are necessary elements within it, called integrals (arkan, sing. rukn).


2
CONDITIONS


Conditions (Shurut)

2.1 The main conditions of prayer are five: (1) removal of filth (najasah), (2) ritual purity (taharah), (3) entrance of the time, (4) covering the shameful area (`awrah), and (5) facing the prayer direction (qiblah).


Removal of Filth (Najasah)

2.2 The following must be free of unexcused filth: your body, what you are supporting, and anything touching or connected to them.

2.3 Filth includes the following bodies: (1) dogs and pigs and what comes from them, (2) any liquid exiting the private parts, (3) anything the stomach has digested, (4) vomit, (5) blood and pus, (6) liquid intoxicants, and (7) every part of any dead animal, except the corpses of humans, locusts, aquatic animals, or slaughtered edible animals. Any part separated from a live animal is like its unslaughtered dead, except hair and the like from edible animals.

2.4 All the above are filth in themselves, and if any of them touches a solid that is pure in itself, with moisture between them, the filth is transferred and that solid is filthified.

2.5 If filth touches a volume of liquid, the entire volume is filthified, unless a large volume of water, of which only what the filth changes is filthified.

2.6 A small volume of water that flows over a spot is as filthified as the spot it just separated from.

2.7 A filthified solid is purified by washing it with unfilthified, unused water such that none of the filth
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#8 Abdul Rahman

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Posted 05 June 2007 - 08:13 AM

Akhi, you are just making life hard for yourself, come to the practical madhab.
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#9 Sam

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Posted 05 June 2007 - 09:14 AM

Akhi, you are just making life hard for yourself, come to the practical madhab.

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Life wasn't meant to be easy :P
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#10 Sam

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Posted 05 June 2007 - 09:54 AM

In which case... here's a few more rules!

__

The minimums of ghusl, wudu, and prayer
Answered by Ustadha Umm Abdullah

http://qa.sunnipath....&cate=353&t=rss

Q. I want to know only the integrals of ghusl, wudu and prayer according to Shafi`i madhab, since I get them confused with the sunna. It will be very helpful if you can inshallah answer this for me.

A:

In the name of Allah Most Merciful Most Compassionate

I pray you are well and in the best of health and iman.

Integrals of Ablution


1. To have the intention when one starts washing the face
2. to wash the face
3. to wash the arms up to and including the elbows
4. to wipe a little of the head with wet hands
5. to wash the feet up to and including the anklebones
6. to do these things in the order mentioned

Integrals of the Purificatory Bath


Two things are obligatory for the validity of the purificatory bath:

1. Having the intention when water is first applied to the parts that must be washed. the intention depending on the state to be lifted: eg. to lift a state of majore ritual impurity (janaba), or menstruation, or the general intention "to be permitted to perform the prayer",
2. That the water reaches all of the hair and skin to the roots of the hair, under the nails,the outward visible portion of the ear canals,and the private parts of the non-virgin woman which are normally disclosed when she squats to relieve herself.

Unlike ablution, the sequence of washing the parts is not obligatory.

Integrals of Prayer

The integrals of prayer are seventeen:

1. To have the intention in the heart of performing the prayer and of its obligation when obligatory, and to specify the prayer which is performed for a particular reason or time;
2. To say 'Allahu akbar' loud enough to hear oneself, as is required in every verbal integral;
3. To stand (qiyam) for the obligatory prayer, when able;
4. To recite the Fatihah, including doubling the letters that should be doubled, in order and succession without lengthy interruption, articulating its letters properly, and avoiding any major error (lahn) in recitation. An error which does not breach the meaning is unlawful, but it does not invalidate the prayer unless done intentionally;
5. To bow until one's palms could reach one's knees (ruku^);
6. To remain motionless in ruku^ for the duration of saying 'subhan-Allah' (tuma'ninah);
7. To straighten up after ruku^ ('i^tidal);
8. To remain motionless for the duration of saying 'subhan-Allah';
9. To prostrate twice by putting all or part of one's uncovered forehead on one's praying ground, with one's lower body (buttocks) higher than one's upper part, and putting part of one's knees, the inside of one's hands and the bottom of one's toes on the ground;
10. To have tuma'ninah(by remaining motionless for a moment) in prostration;
11. To sit between the two prostrations;
12. To have tuma'ninah in this sitting;
13. To sit for saying the last tashahhud, as-Salatu ^alan-Nabiyy, and the closing salam;
14. To say the last tashahhud;
15. To say as-Salatu ^alan-Nabiyy, sallallahu ^alayhi wa sallam.the minimum being :Allahuma Salli Ala Muhammad
16. To say the closing salam. The minimum is:Assalamu alaikum
17. To observe the order. To intentionally perform the integrals of prayer out of order invalidates the prayer.

(Source: Reliance of the Traveler, translated by Sheikh Nuh Keller)

It is also worth mentioning the invalidators of prayer:

Invalidators of Prayer


Prayer is invalidated by:
1. Uttering even two letters of extraneous speech or one meaningful letter unless one forgets and it is little;
2. Performing many moves, which according to some scholars are as many as what would last for the duration of one rak^ah. According to other scholars three consecutive moves invalidate the prayer. The latter position is the relied-upon position in our school;
3. Performing a single excessive move (such as a jump);
4. Deliberately adding an extra integral which involves action;
5. Eating and drinking except if one forgets and it is little;
6. Making an intention to interrupt prayer contingent on the occurrence of an incident;
7. Hesitating about interrupting prayer;
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#11 Sam

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Posted 05 June 2007 - 09:57 AM

And this which is also very important to know:

_____


Performing Makeup's Quickly: Validity vs. Acceptance
Answered by Shaykh Hamza Karamali, SunniPath Academy Teacher

http://qa.sunnipath....&cate=343&t=rss

Q: Can you please describe the absolute minimal prayer (according to Shafi'i fiqh) which one can perform to make-up prayers quickly.

Could you provide details on whether we can omit a surah after Al-Fatiha, minimal or alternative supplications on bowing, standing, etc, and the possible consequences (I read on another post that omitting certain sunnahs on prayer makes it imperfect, but not invalid) for performing a prayer in this fashion.

Could you also describe the minimal recommended prayer that we could perform if the absolute minimal prayer is imperfect.


A:

In the Name of Allah, Most Merciful and Compassionate

assalamu `alaykum wa rahmatullah

Jazakallah khayr for your question. Masha'Allah it is wonderful to see that you've taken the big step of resolving to make up your past missed prayers. May Allah Most High grant you success in accomplishing what you have resolved and may He grant you ever-increasing steadfastness in His religion.

You can read about the minimal prayer according to the Shafi`i school in Sidi Mostafa Azzam's excellent summary, The Immaculate Raiment. None of the things that you mention in your question--the sura after the fatiha and the supplications during bowing, prostration, and standing--are integrals of the prayer according to the Shafi`i school. This means that if you omit them, your prayer will be valid and you will not have to make it up.

It is important to note, however, that there is a difference between validity and acceptance. It is easy to misunderstand books of fiqh and come to the conclusion that "all I need to do to have a valid prayer is XYZ, therefore that is all that I am going to do." This is a mistake that stems from misunderstanding the meaning of validity.

Imam Ghazali explains in his Ihya that validly performing acts of worship lifts this-wordly responsibility from one's shoulders, meaning that if you perform a valid prayer, no one is allowed to blame you for not praying and the obligation of commanding the right and forbidding the wrong is lifted from Muslims with respect to the act of worship that you validly performed. However, the whole point and purpose of worship is to express one's utter slavehood to Allah Most High, and the Quran and sunna teach us that the acts of worship that Allah will accept in the next life will be acts of worship that are not only valid, but those that are also performed with excellence.

With respect to the prayer, hastily performing a minimal prayer that only comprises integrals results in a valid prayer. The prayer that Allah Most High accepts, however, is the prayer that one performs with reverence and presence-of-heart, which is normally only possible if one adds certain important sunnas to one's prayer, such as the beautiful supplications that are legislated during the various prayer-postures.

The practical upshot is that even make-up prayers should be performed in a manner that is pleasing to Allah Most High. One shouldn't be thinking during the prayer, "how can I quickly get this prayer off my back," but rather one should be focusing on the tremendousness of the One to whom one is praying. Scholars recommend persevering in reciting a short sura after the fatiha (e.g. surat al-iklhas), the three glorifications during the bowing and prostration, the supplication of the standing (sami`a allahu liman hamidah rabbana lakal hamd) etc. and doing this in a manner that expresses one's slavehood to Allah Most High, not a desire to be rid of worshipping Him.

This should, of course, be coupled with the urgency of making up one's missed prayers quickly, which means that one doesn't unduly prolong the prayer beyond a reasonable amount (such as the one described above).

And Allah Most High knows best.

Hamza.
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#12 al-CIAda

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Posted 05 June 2007 - 11:39 AM

thanks sam.

jazakallahu khairan

what does it mean by "one movement in play" though. i'm not sure i understand that.
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#13 Abdul Rahman

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Posted 05 June 2007 - 12:44 PM

Come to the practical madhab and you wont have to understand it.
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#14 JJJ

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Posted 05 June 2007 - 12:45 PM

Come to the practical madhab and you wont have to understand it.

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all madhab's are practical.
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Note - i am not a sheik, so when it comes to discussion on religious matters i might be wrong. so take my opinion with a grain of salt. best to refer to people in the know (i.e. sheiks).

#15 Taliban Princess

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Posted 05 June 2007 - 01:03 PM

Akhi, you are just making life hard for yourself, come to the practical madhab.

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Yeah but what happens when he feels like a prawn curry?
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#16 Abdul Rahman

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Posted 05 June 2007 - 01:05 PM

Prawn is halal, since their classic zoological/common perception catagorisation was as "fish" and this carried over into the Sharia. Lobsters and crabs however...
See practical.

Just like manatees are haram in Maliki fiqh because they called them sea pigs or something so they are classified as pigs.
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"Whoever is satisfied to act without knowledge is satisfied with disobedience to Allah"
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#17 Sam

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Posted 05 June 2007 - 01:09 PM

Assalamualaikum,

In fact, no madhhab is easier or harder than the other, they each have their different practices.

And there is nothing impractical about the Shafi'i madhhab. I know it was said in jest, but we should be careful joking about our religion.

wasalaam
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#18 Lantern

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Posted 05 June 2007 - 01:12 PM

Prawn is halal, since their classic zoological/common perception catagorisation was as "fish" and this carried over into the Sharia. Lobsters and crabs however...
See practical.

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This confused me on Sunday AR, as I've read prawns to be makruh on sunnipath and have been told that by others (within the hanafi madhab). Although Shaikh Naeems answer made sense.

And please apologise on my behalf I wont be able to attend the coming sunday but do plan on continuing the course Inshalla after this week.
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#19 Abdul Rahman

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Posted 06 June 2007 - 09:32 PM

...
And please apologise on my behalf

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Insha'allah.
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#20 Kal

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Posted 17 May 2009 - 11:29 PM

Salaam Alaykum,

This seemed like the best topic to add a new question relating to the obligatory aspects of prayer according to the Shafi Madhab.

Does the obligatory aspects of the prayer (as described in the immaculate raiment above) change depending on what prayer it is? More specifically, can I simply recite surah Al-Fatiha in all my prayers or do some prayers require a second surah? I have been told that in Zuhr and Asr it is obligatory to recite a second surah after Al-Fatiha. Is this correct?

Wassalam, Kal
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#21 Mosty

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Posted 18 May 2009 - 11:19 AM

^No prayers require a second surah, so techincally your prayer would be valid, however, the second surah is a sunnah which shouldn't be left out because of its reward, which helps acceptance.

And what do you mean when you asked if they change depending on the prayer? They will be different if you're praying the eclipse prayer for example. Or did you mean do they change between the 5 obligatory prayers?
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#22 Kal

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Posted 18 May 2009 - 03:02 PM

I was just referring to changing between say Maghrib, Asr or Zuhr etc. An Iraqi brother told me that in Asr and Zuhr you have to recite an additional sura to Al-Fatiha.

The reason I admit the second verse is because I want to have at least a decent recitation before I started to include it in my prayer. I have just learnt how to read Arabic, so inshallah I will get to that point soon. I still make a few mistakes but, I am atleast now aware of what I am doing wrong.

What effect does errors in recitation have on the validity of ones prayer? Are they equal to a corruption in your prayer?
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"The servants of The Most Gracious are those who walk on the earth in humility, and when the ignorant address them, reply with (words of) peace.

#23 alaq

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Posted 18 May 2009 - 03:25 PM

Your recitation has to be perfect for the spoken integrals. You are excused if cant pronounce correctly as long as you are genuinely attempting to learn. Though you can not lead a prayer in most situations. Some people will tell you to recite in English while you are learning but I dont think this is valid in the Shaffi madhab - someone else can confirm.

May Allah give you tawfiq
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#24 Kal

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Posted 18 May 2009 - 04:19 PM

I am aware that for the integrals, every letter must be pronounced correctly, including the doubling of letters etc. and that you can not pray in English (for the Shaf'ei madhab), but I am not sure with the sunah. aspects of the prayer.

If I recite one of the smaller surahs and make some mistakes, I would like to know if this can lead to an invalidation of the prayer.
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"The servants of The Most Gracious are those who walk on the earth in humility, and when the ignorant address them, reply with (words of) peace.

#25 Sam

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Posted 18 May 2009 - 05:22 PM

If I recite one of the smaller surahs and make some mistakes, I would like to know if this can lead to an invalidation of the prayer.

Not as far as I'm aware, as the additional surah is not an integral.


And Allah knows best.
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#26 Revert.Aussie.SriLankan

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Posted 19 May 2009 - 04:53 PM

asalam'alekum

May seem like a small thing & may feel like a lot of effort (to meet and travel), but meeting someone well researched in the praticular madhab you want to follow is a good idea - close to a mussalah or masjid near where you live [Masjids & Mussalahs in Sydney: http://islamiaonline...sjidfinder/#NSW]

For example:
Hills District (Sydney) - contact http://www.HDMS.org.au somone would be able to meet you perhaps after the Isha jammat prayer (which is at 7:15pm for the next few months - until Ramadan starts [approx: early 4th week of August 2009])
Lakemba (or Auburn) - contact Shaykh Haisam Farache (at LMA [Lakemba Masjid on Wangee Rd] - and also his details are readily availble at: http://muslimvillage...?...st&p=627615 -and- http://muslimvillage...?...st&p=821765 if you want to contact him)

The above information is provided under the proviso that you are a 'brother'

asalam'alekum.
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#27 Kal

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Posted 19 May 2009 - 05:34 PM

Jazakallah Khairan for all the responses.

You are right RAS. Inshallah I will take some time to sit down with a sheikh.

Wassalam, Kal
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"The servants of The Most Gracious are those who walk on the earth in humility, and when the ignorant address them, reply with (words of) peace.

#28 Abzville

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Posted 27 May 2009 - 11:22 PM

For the most complete Salaatu `alan-nabii - its also the one that I learnt from Shaikh Haisam who learnt from Habib Umar.

Allahumma salli `ala muhammad `abduka wa rasulukan-nabiiyil-'ummii wa `alaa 'aali muhammad wa azwaajihi wa dhurriyathi kamaa sallayta `alaa ibraahiim wa `alaa 'aali ibraahiim...
wa baarik `alaa muhammad `abduka wa rasulukan-nabiiyil-'ummii wa `alaa 'aali muhammad wa azwaajihi wa dhurriyathi kamaa baarakta `alaa ibraahiim wa `alaa 'aali ibraahiim,
fil `aalamiin, innaka hamiidun majiid
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#29 coachMusa

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Posted 28 February 2012 - 04:04 AM


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Wal'hamdhu'lil'lah aw'wal'lan wa akh'he'ran ||||| Alhumdulilla'ala'kulli'hal |||| How did you come to Islam?




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